India’s Criminal Justice Overhaul: Key Takeaways from the New Criminal Code

    India replaces British-era criminal laws with three new codes to modernize the justice system, enhance forensic requirements, and expedite legal processes.

    New Delhi: Today, three new criminal codes will replace all of the laws from the British era, including the Indian Penal Code, in a comprehensive revamp of India’s criminal justice system.

    The Top 10 takeaways from this lengthy tale are as follows:

    1) The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita shall replace the Indian Evidence Act and the Indian Penal Code. Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita and the Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam would also be included.

    2) According to the government, the laws were modified to guarantee quicker justice and to be consistent. Charges must be framed within 60 days of the first hearing, and judgments must be rendered within 45 days.

    3) The new regulations provide online filing of police complaints and electronic summons serving, allowing anyone, regardless of jurisdiction, to submit a Zero FIR at any police station.

    4) They mandate that all heinous crimes have their crime scenes videotaped. Electronic summons service speeds up the legal procedures.

    5) According to Union Home Minister Amit Shah, “speedy justice and justice to all” are the reasons behind the change. According to him, forensic teams and training are necessary for the proper application of these regulations. Forensic teams’ visits are now required for offenses carrying a sentence of seven years or more.

    6) In light of newly emerging crimes such as gang rapes, mob killings, and others, new regulations have been enacted. “This will increase the demand for forensic experts across the country, which the NFSU (National Forensic Science University) will cater to,” Mr. Shah stated.

    7) He went on, “The NFSU was taken forward as the new laws were framed.” This institution now has campuses in nine states and plans to open locations in sixteen.

    8) The Congress and opposition parties argue that the decision to enact the new criminal laws on July 1st was made in a hurry The party argued that more deliberation was necessary before imposing them.

    9) Mamata Banerjee, the chief minister of West Bengal, has asked Prime Minister Narendra Modi to postpone the enforcement of the “hurriedly passed” legislation. Then, she continued, Parliament might examine them again.

    10) Chief Justice of India DY Chandrachud has stated that these laws “signify a watershed moment for our society because no law affects the day-to-day conduct of our society like the criminal law.”



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